A Review of Men's Health and Masculinity

Craig F. Garfield*, Anthony Isacco, Timothy E. Rogers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


Men's health is a new and evolving area of specialty that goes beyond men's cancers and sexual activities. Men's health in the 21st century incorporates a broader conceptualization of health, health behaviors, and lifestyle choices. This new focus results from the fact that men continue to lag behind women in life expectancy and in health care use, a situation that is worse for minority men. Understanding how gender socialization and masculine ideology affects men's health is an important step toward providing effective care for men. In this article, the authors review these areas and then discuss each of the top actual causes of death for men: tobacco use, poor diet, alcohol use, and physical inactivity. They then discuss the important issue of steroid use among men. Throughout the review, the authors highlight racial and ethnic differences in health behaviors. Furthermore, they provide empirically supported clinical implications to assist clinicians who see men with health concerns in their practices. Finally, they offer suggestions for creating ways to include men in the health care system in hopes of improving their use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-487
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2008


  • health
  • health care use
  • lifestyle medicine
  • masculinity
  • men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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