A robust Fourier-based method to measure pulse pressure variability

Sebastian Acosta, Mubbasheer Ahmed, Suellen M. Yin, Ken M. Brady, Daniel J. Penny, Craig G. Rusin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To propose a new method to estimate pulse pressure variability (PPV) in the arterial blood pressure waveform. Methods: Traditional techniques of calculating PPV using peak finding have a fundamental flaw that prevents them from accurately resolving PPV for small tidal volumes, limiting the use of PPV to only mechanical ventilated patients. The improved method described here addresses this limitation using Fourier analysis of an oscillatory signal that exhibits a time-varying modulation of its amplitude. The analysis reveals a constraint on the spectral representation that must be satisfied for any oscillatory signal that exhibits a time-varying modulation of its amplitude. This intrinsic mathematical structure is taken advantage of in order to improve the robustness of the algorithm. Results: The applicability of the method is tested using synthetic data and 100 h of physiologic data collected from patients admitted to Texas Children's Hospital. Significance and conclusion: The proposed method accurately recovers values of PPV at signal-to-noise ratios six times smaller than the traditional method. This is a significant advance for the potential use of PPV to recognize fluid responsiveness during low tidal volume ventilation or spontaneous breathing for which the signal-to-noise ratio is expected to be small.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101947
JournalBiomedical Signal Processing and Control
StatePublished - Jul 2020


  • Arterial pulse pressure variation
  • Fluid responsiveness
  • Fourier analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Health Informatics


Dive into the research topics of 'A robust Fourier-based method to measure pulse pressure variability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this