A robust remote health monitoring and data processing system for rural area with limited internet access

Mohammad Pourhomayoun*, Kartik Yadav, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Nabil Alshurafa, Costas Sideris, Adeline Nyamathi, Foad Dabiri, Linda Tseng, Majid Sarrafzadeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Emerging technologies such as Body Sensor Networks (BSN) and Remote Health Monitoring Systems (RHMS) allow for collecting continuous data from patients, providing clinical interventions to improve patients' physical and mental health, and to prevent medically adverse events. Although RHMS have shown promises in reducing healthcare costs and improving quality of care, designing a robust, flexible and portable RHMS that can adequately handle technological and environmental restrictions such as data communication disruptions caused by low-quality infrastructure is by large an open problem. In this paper we present an end-to-end robust RHMS including body area networks for monitoring and management of patients with HIV/AIDS. The proposed system includes an Android application to be installed on mobile devices to collect and preprocess data from patients, a wireless body area network to handle data communication and transmission, and a backend cloud-based server coupled with a NoSQL database and webportal for data visualization and analysis. The proposed system addresses a number of serious challenges in RHMS design including data transmission and synchronization in a body area network with poor network connection (e.g. in a rural area with poor or unavailable internet connection). The proposed system is fully implemented and deployed in a large research study involving 600 women living with HIV/AIDS in rural parts of India. The results demonstrate the effectiveness, reliability, robustness, and accuracy of the proposed RHMS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBodyNets International Conference on Body Area Networks
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Event11th International Conference on Body Area Networks, BODYNETS 2016 - Turin, Italy
Duration: Dec 15 2016Dec 16 2016

Keywords

  • AIDS.
  • Body Area Networks
  • M-Health
  • Remote Health Management
  • Remote Health Monitoring Systems (RHMS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications

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