The molecular mechanisms that drive the development and aggressive progression of malignant astrocytic tumors remain obscure. Recently, in the search for endogenous negative regulators of EGF receptor, LRIG1 was cloned and characterized as a putative tumor suppressor gene often downregulated in various human tumors, including astrocytic tumors. Although several studies have implicated the function of LRIG1 in the inhibition of tumorigenesis, its precise role and potential underlying mechanisms remain obscure. Therefore, we generated a full-length expression vector to overexpress LRIG1 in the U251 malignant glioma cell line. Introduction of exogenous LRIG1 into glioma cells inhibited cell proliferation manifested by MTT and soft agar clone assay in vitro and subcutaneously tumor xenografts. On the other hand, LRIG1 overexpression inhibited glioma growth by significantly changing the expression pattern of cyclins, resulting in delayed cell cycle. Employing transwell invasion and wound scratch assay and gelatin zymography, LRIG1 inhibited U-251 MG cell invasion and migration by attenuating MMP2 and MMP9 production. Under ligand-stimulated conditions, p-ERK levels did not change, whereas p-AKT levels were inhibited in cells with LRIG1 upregulation, indicating that LRIG1 exerts more inhibiting effects on the PI3K/AKT pathway. Our findings suggest that LRIG1 restricted glioma aggressiveness by inhibiting cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Restoration of LRIG1 to glioma cells could offer a novel therapeutic strategy.
- Epidermal growth factor receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research