A Rutile Chevron Modulation in Delafossite-Like Ga3-xIn3TixO9+x/2

Karl Rickert, Philippe Boullay, Sylvie Malo, Vincent Caignaert, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The structure solution of the modulated, delafossite-related, orthorhombic Ga3-xIn3TixO9+x/2 for x = 1.5 is reported here in conjunction with a model describing the modulation as a function of x for the entire system. Previously reported structures in the related A3-xIn3TixO9+x/2 (A = Al, Cr, or Fe) systems use X-ray diffraction to determine that the anion lattice is the source of modulation. Neutron diffraction, with its enhanced sensitivity to light atoms, offers a route to solving the modulation and is used here, in combination with precession electron diffraction tomography (PEDT), to solve the structure of Ga1.5In3Ti1.5O9.75. We construct a model that describes the anion modulation through the formation of rutile chevrons as a function of x. This model accommodates the orthorhombic phase (1.5 ≤ x ≤ 2.1) in the Ga3-xIn3TixO9+x/2 system, which transitions to a biphasic mixture (2.2 ≤ x ≤ 2.3) with a monoclinic, delafossite-related phase (2.4 ≤ x ≤ 2.5). The optical band gaps of this system are determined, and are stable at ∼3.4 eV before a ∼0.4 eV decrease between x = 1.9 and 2.0. After this decrease, stability resumes at ∼3.0 eV. Resistance to oxidation and reduction is also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4403-4409
Number of pages7
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 2 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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