Context: Cluster faint low surface brightness galaxies (fLSBs) are difficult to observe. Consequently, their origin, physical properties and number density are not well known. After a first search for fLSBs in the highly substructured Coma cluster, we present here a search for fLSBs in the nearly relaxed Abell 496 cluster. Aims. Abell 496 appears to be a much more relaxed cluster than Coma, but still embedded in a large scale filament of galaxies. Our aim is to compare the properties of fLSBs in these two very different clusters, to search for environmental effects. Methods. Based on deep CFHT/Megacam images in the u*, g′, r′ and i′ bands, we selected galaxies with r′ > 21 and μr′ > 24 mag arcsec-2. We estimated photometric redshifts for all these galaxies and kept the 142 fLSBs with photo-z < 0.2. Results. In a g′ - i′ versus i′ color-magnitude diagram, we find that a large part of these fLSBs follow the red sequence (RS) of brighter galaxies. The fLSBs within ± 1σ of the RS show a homogeneous spatial distribution, while those above the RS appear to be concentrated along the large scale filament of galaxies. Conclusions. These properties are interpreted as agreeing with the idea that RS fLSBs are formed in groups prior to cluster assembly. The formation of red fLSBs could be related to infalling galaxies.
- galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 496
- galaxies: luminosity function: mass function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science