A simulator-based resident curriculum for laparoscopic common bile duct exploration

Ezra N. Teitelbaum, Nathaniel J. Soper, Byron F. Santos, Deborah M. Rooney, Pratik Patel, Alexander P. Nagle, Eric S. Hungness*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) remains an underused treatment for choledocholithiasis, likely in part because of a lack of exposure to the procedure during surgery residency. In this study, we implemented a resident LCBDE curriculum using a previously validated procedural simulator. Methods Senior surgery residents underwent a curriculum consisting of deliberate practice using the LCBDE simulator. Residents performed a simulated transcystic and transcholedochal LCBDE before and after completing the curriculum, which were rated by three faculty. Passing scores were determined using an Angoff method. Results Ten residents participated. For transcystic LCBDE, all 10 residents failed the pretest. Assessment scores improved after the curriculum (20 ± 4 vs 41 ± 2; scale 0-45, P <.01), and all 10 residents passed the posttest. For transcholedochal LCBDE, all 10 residents failed the pretest. Transcholedochal scores improved after the curriculum (27 ± 6 vs 46 ± 4; scale 0-53, P <.01). Eight residents passed the initial posttest and two failed because they sutured the t-tube into the choledochotomy closure. Both underwent remedial training and passed a retest. Resident confidence in performing LCBDE clinically improved for both transcystic and transcholedochal approaches. Conclusion This curriculum improved the ability of surgery residents to perform both transcystic and transcholedochal LCBDE on a procedural simulator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3835
Pages (from-to)880-893
Number of pages14
JournalSurgery (United States)
Volume156
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this