A stepped-wedge randomized trial investigating the effect of the Leadership and Organizational Change for Implementation (LOCI) intervention on implementation and transformational leadership, and implementation climate

Ane Marthe Solheim Skar*, Nora Braathu, Nadina Peters, Harald Bækkelund, Mathilde Endsjø, Aida Babaii, Randi Hovden Borge, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Mark G. Ehrhart, Marisa Sklar, C. Hendricks Brown, Gregory A. Aarons, Karina M. Egeland

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study evaluates the Leadership and Organizational Change for Implementation (LOCI) strategy and its effect on implementation leadership, transformational leadership, and implementation climate. Methods: A stepped wedge cluster randomized study design enrolling 47 first-level leaders from child- and adult-specialized mental health clinics within Norwegian health trusts across three cohorts. All therapists (n = 790) received training in screening of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress, and a subgroup of therapists (n = 248) received training in evidence-based treatment methods for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). First-level leaders and therapists completed surveys at baseline, 4, 8-, 12-, 16-, and 20-months assessing leadership and implementation climate. General linear mixed-effects models were used to investigate whether the LOCI strategy would lead to greater therapist-rated scores on implementation leadership, transformational leadership, and implementation climate. Results: After introducing the LOCI strategy, there was a significant increase in therapist-rated implementation and transformational leadership and implementation climate. The increase was sustained at all measurement time points compared to non-LOCI conditions, which demonstrated a steady decrease in scores before LOCI. Conclusions: The LOCI strategy can develop better transformational and implementation leadership skills and contribute to a more positive implementation climate, which may enhance successful EBP implementation. Thus, LOCI can help leaders create an organizational context conducive for effective EBP implementation. Trial registration: Retrospectively registered: ClinicalTrials NCT03719651, 25th of October 2018. The trial protocol can be accessed from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417075/.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number298
JournalBMC health services research
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Evidence-based practice
  • Implementation climate
  • Implementation leadership
  • Implementation strategies
  • LOCI
  • Mental health
  • PTSD
  • Transformational leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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