A Stimulus-Response Framework to Investigate the Influence of Continuous Versus Interval Walking Exercise on Select Serum Biomarkers in Knee Osteoarthritis

Prakash Jayabalan*, Jonathan Gustafson, Gwendolyn A. Sowa, Sara R. Piva, Shawn Farrokhi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The aim of the study was to compare changes in the concentration of serum biomarkers in response to continuous versus interval walking exercise in participants with knee osteoarthritis. Design This study used a two-phase sequential design. Twenty-seven participants with unilateral knee osteoarthritis completed two separate treadmill walking sessions: (1) continuous 45-min walking exercise and (2) three 15-min bouts of walking exercise separated by 1-hr rest periods for a total of 45 mins in an interval format. Participants reported their knee pain using the numeric pain rating scale and serum levels of biomarkers associated with tissue turnover (cartilage oligomeric matrix protein), inflammation (tumor necrosis factor), and pain (neuropeptide Y) were evaluated at baseline and every 15 mins for both conditions. Results Continuous walking resulted in a cumulative increase in cartilage oligomeric matrix protein concentration up to 45 mins, whereas interval walking was associated with return of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein concentrations back to baseline at 45 mins. There were no significant changes in tumor necrosis factor and neuropeptide Y concentration during walking. There was a significant increase in pain compared with baseline in the continuous walking regimen only. Conclusions Incorporating rest breaks in walking regimens may affect the potential deleterious effects of longer continuous bouts on the knee joint as well as limit pain during exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-291
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume98
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Walking Exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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