Dynamic origin-destination (OD) estimation and prediction is an essential support function for real-time dynamic traffic assignment model systems for ITS applications. This paper presents a structural state space model to systematically incorporate regular demand pattern information, structural deviations and random fluctuations. By considering demand deviations from the a priori estimate of the regular pattern as a time-varying process with smooth trend, a polynomial trend filter is developed to capture possible structural deviations in real-time demand. Based on a Kalman filtering framework, an optimal adaptive procedure is further proposed to capture day-to-day demand evolution, and update the a priori regular demand pattern estimate using new real-time estimates and observations obtained every day. These models can be naturally integrated into a real-time dynamic traffic assignment system and provide an effective and efficient approach to utilize the real-time traffic data continuously in operational settings. A case study based on the Irvine test bed network is conducted to illustrate the proposed methodology.
- Dynamic OD estimation and prediction
- Kalman filter
- Real-time traffic estimation and prediction
- Traffic system management
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering