A subarcsec localized fast radio burst with a significant host galaxy dispersion measure contribution

M. Caleb*, L. N. Driessen, A. C. Gordon, N. Tejos, L. Bernales, H. Qiu, J. O. Chibueze, B. W. Stappers, K. M. Rajwade, F. Cavallaro, Y. Wang, P. Kumar, W. A. Majid, R. S. Wharton, C. J. Naudet, M. C. Bezuidenhout, F. Jankowski, M. Malenta, V. Morello, S. SanidasM. P. Surnis, E. D. Barr, W. Chen, M. Kramer, W. Fong, C. D. Kilpatrick, J. Xavier Prochaska, S. Simha, C. Venter, I. Heywood, A. Kundu, F. Schussler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the discovery of FRB 20210410D with the MeerKAT radio interferometer in South Africa, as part of the MeerTRAP commensal project. FRB 20210410D has a dispersion measure DM = 578.78 ± 2 and was localized to subarcsec precision in the 2 s images made from the correlation data products. The localization enabled the association of the FRB with an optical galaxy at z = 0.1415, which when combined with the DM places it above the 3σ scatter of the Macquart relation. We attribute the excess DM to the host galaxy after accounting for contributions from the Milky Way's interstellar medium and halo, and the combined effects of the intergalactic medium and intervening galaxies. This is the first FRB that is not associated with a dwarf galaxy to exhibit a likely large host galaxy DM contribution. We do not detect any continuum radio emission at the FRB position or from the host galaxy down to a 3σ rms of 14.4 Jy beam-1. The FRB has a scattering delay of ms at 1 GHz, and exhibits candidate subpulses in the spectrum, which hint at the possibility of it being a repeating FRB. Although not constraining, we note that this FRB has not been seen to repeat in 7.28 h at 1.3 GHz with MeerKAT, 3 h at 2.4 GHz with Murriyang, and 5.7 h at simultaneous 2.3 GHz and 8.4 GHz observations with the Deep Space Network. We encourage further follow-up to establish a possible repeating nature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2064-2077
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume524
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023

Keywords

  • radio continuum: transients
  • stars: neutron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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