We present theoretical and experimental studies of the infrared (IR) spectroscopy, normal Raman spectroscopy (NRS), surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), and surface-enhanced hyper-Raman (SEHRS) spectroscopy of trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (BPE). This centrosymmetric molecule is expected to have no common Raman and hyper-Raman lines provided that it is not strongly perturbed by adsorption on the surface. The measured SERS spectrum, obtained under electrochemical conditions on Ag film over nanosphere (AgFON) electrodes, shows a well defined C=C stretch band that is not seen in the SEHRS spectrum, but many of the other bands overlap closely. We use ab initio calculations for isolated BPE to assign the spectra, and find excellent agreement between the calculated and measured IR and SERS spectra, and good agreement between the calculated and measured SEHRS spectrum. We find that the apparently overlapping IR, SERS, and SEHRS bands are in fact due to modes that have similar vibrational characteristics but different symmetry. Our results indicate that SEHRS spectra are consistent with the expected (three photon) selection rules and intensities. This rules out an alternative mechanism in which the observed spectrum arises from surface second harmonic generation (SHG) followed by SERS excited at the second harmonic frequency.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry