A systematic review of disease-related stigmatization in patients living with inflammatory bowel disease

Tiffany H. Taft, Laurie Keefer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic illness stigma is a global public health issue. Most widely studied in HIV/ AIDS and mental illness, stigmatization of patients living with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), chronic autoimmune conditions affecting the digestive tract, has garnered increasing attention in recent years. In this paper, we systematically review the scientific literature on stigma as it relates to IBD across its three domains: perception, internalization, and discrimination experiences. We aim to document the current state of research, identify gaps in our knowledge, recognize unique challenges that IBD patients may face as they relate to stigmatization, and offer suggestions for future research directions. Based on the current review, patients living with IBD may encounter stigmatization and this may, in turn, impact several patient outcomes including quality of life, psychological functioning, and treatment adherence. Significant gaps exist related to the understanding of IBD stigma, providing opportunity for future studies to address this important public health issue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2016

Keywords

  • Discrimination
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Stigma
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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