A tale of two methods

Lawrence R. James*, Stanley A. Mulaik, Jeanne M. Brett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

623 Scopus citations

Abstract

The structural equation modeling approach to testing for mediation is compared to the Baron and Kenny approach. The approaches are essentially the same when the hypothesis being tested predicts partial mediation. The approaches differ, however, in how each tests for complete mediation. Disparities in both theory and statistical estimators are identified and discussed. A strategy for future tests of mediation is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-244
Number of pages12
JournalOrganizational Research Methods
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Causal models
  • Mediation
  • Structural equations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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