A theory-based model for teaching and assessing residents in the operating room

Debra DaRosa*, Joseph B. Zwischenberger, Shari Lynn Meyerson, Brian C. George, Ezra Nathaniel Teitelbaum, Nathaniel J Soper, Jonathan Paul Fryer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The operating room (OR) remains primarily a master/apprenticeship-based learning environment for surgical residents. Changes in surgical education and health care systems challenge faculty to efficiently and effectively graduate residents truly competent in operations classified by the Surgical Council on Resident Education as "common essential" and "uncommon essential." Program directors are charged with employing resident evaluation systems that yield useful data, yet feasible enough to fit into a busy surgical faculty member's workflow. This paper proposes a simple model for teaching and assessing residents in the operating room to guide faculty and resident interaction in the OR, and designating a resident's earned level of autonomy for a given procedure. The system as proposed is supported by theories associated with motor skill acquisition and learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-30
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Operating Rooms
Teaching
resident
Learning
Education
Motor Skills
Workflow
Delivery of Health Care
apprenticeship
workflow
director
education
learning environment
autonomy
graduate
health care
interaction
evaluation
learning

Keywords

  • competency based education
  • resident education
  • resident evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education

Cite this

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A theory-based model for teaching and assessing residents in the operating room. / DaRosa, Debra; Zwischenberger, Joseph B.; Meyerson, Shari Lynn; George, Brian C.; Teitelbaum, Ezra Nathaniel; Soper, Nathaniel J; Fryer, Jonathan Paul.

In: Journal of Surgical Education, Vol. 70, No. 1, 01.01.2013, p. 24-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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