A VLA Study of High-redshift GRBs. I. Multiwavelength Observations and Modeling of GRB 140311A

Tanmoy Laskar, Edo Berger, Ryan Chornock, Raffaella Margutti, Wen-fai Fong, B. Ashley Zauderer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the first results from a recently concluded study of GRBs at z ≳ 5 with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA). Spanning 1 to 85.5 GHz and 7 epochs from 1.5 to 82.3 days, our observations of GRB 140311A are the most detailed joint radio and millimeter observations of a GRB afterglow at z ≳ 5 to date. In conjunction with optical/near-IR and X-ray data, the observations can be understood in the framework of radiation from a single blast wave shock with energy EK,iso ≈ 8.5 × 1053 erg expanding into a constant density environment with density, density, n0 ≈ 8cm-3. The X-ray and radio observations require a jet break at tjet ≈ 0.6 days, yielding an opening angle of θjet ≈ 4° and a beaming-corrected blast wave kinetic energy of EK ≈ 2.2 × 1050 erg. The results from our radio follow-up and multiwavelength modeling lend credence to the hypothesis that detected high-redshift GRBs may be more tightly beamed than events at lower redshift. We do not find compelling evidence for reverse shock emission, which may be related to fast cooling driven by the moderately high circumburst density.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number65
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume858
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • gamma-ray burst: general
  • gamma-ray burst: individual (140311A)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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