A2111: A z = 0.23 Butcher-Oemler cluster with a non-isothermal atmosphere and normal metallicity

Mark Henriksen*, Q. Daniel Wang, Melville Ulmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We report results from an X-ray study of the Abell 2111 galaxy cluster using the Advanced Satellite for Astrophysics and Cosmology (ASCA) and the ROSAT Position Sensitive Proportional Counter (PSPC). By correcting for the energy-dependent point-spread function of the ASCA instruments, we have examined the temperature structure of the cluster. The core of the cluster within 3 arcmin is found to have a temperature of 6.46 ± 0.87 keV, significantly higher than the value of 3.10 ± 1.19 keV in the surrounding region of r = 3-6 arcmin. This radially decreasing temperature structure can be parametrized by a poly tropic index of γ ≃ 1.45. The X-ray morphology of the cluster appears elongated and clumpy on scales ≤1 arcmin. These results, together with earlier ROSAT and optical studies which revealed that the X-ray centroid and ellipticity of A2111 shift with spatial scale, are consistent with the hypothesis that the cluster is a dynamically young system. Most likely, the cluster has recently undergone a merger, which may also be responsible for the high fraction of blue galaxies observed in the cluster. Alternatively, the temperature structure may also be caused by the gravitational potential of the cluster. We have also measured the emission-weighted abundance of the X-ray-emitting intracluster medium as 0.25 ± 0.14 solar. This value is similar to those of nearby clusters that do not show a large blue galaxy fraction, indicating that star formation in disc galaxies and subsequent loss to the medium do not drastically alter the average abundance of a cluster. This is consistent with recent results, which indicate that cluster abundances have remained constant since at least z ∼ 0.3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 21 1999


  • Galaxies: abundances
  • Galaxies: clusters: individual: A2111
  • X-rays: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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