Background Decipher is a validated genomic classifier developed to determine the biological potential for metastasis after radical prostatectomy (RP). Objective To evaluate the ability of biopsy Decipher to predict metastasis and Prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) in primarily intermediate- to high-risk patients treated with RP or radiation therapy (RT). Design, setting, and participants Two hundred and thirty-five patients treated with either RP (n = 105) or RT ± androgen deprivation therapy (n = 130) with available genomic expression profiles generated from diagnostic biopsy specimens from seven tertiary referral centers. The highest-grade core was sampled and Decipher was calculated based on a locked random forest model. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis Metastasis and PCSM were the primary and secondary outcomes of the study, respectively. Cox analysis and c-index were used to evaluate the performance of Decipher. Results and limitations With a median follow-up of 6 yr among censored patients, 34 patients developed metastases and 11 died of prostate cancer. On multivariable analysis, biopsy Decipher remained a significant predictor of metastasis (hazard ratio: 1.37 per 10% increase in score, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06–1.78, p = 0.018) after adjusting for clinical variables. For predicting metastasis 5-yr post-biopsy, Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment score had a c-index of 0.60 (95% CI: 0.50–0.69), while Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assessment plus biopsy Decipher had a c-index of 0.71 (95% CI: 0.60–0.82). National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk group had a c-index of 0.66 (95% CI: 0.53–0.77), while National Comprehensive Cancer Network plus biopsy Decipher had a c-index of 0.74 (95% CI: 0.66–0.82). Biopsy Decipher was a significant predictor of PCSM (hazard ratio: 1.57 per 10% increase in score, 95% CI: 1.03–2.48, p = 0.037), with a 5-yr PCSM rate of 0%, 0%, and 9.4% for Decipher low, intermediate, and high, respectively. Conclusions Biopsy Decipher predicted metastasis and PCSM from diagnostic biopsy specimens of primarily intermediate- and high-risk men treated with first-line RT or RP. Patient summary Biopsy Decipher predicted metastasis and prostate cancer-specific mortality risk from diagnostic biopsy specimens. Biopsy Decipher was able to predict metastasis and prostate cancer-specific mortality from diagnostic biopsy specimens in a cohort of primarily intermediate- and high-risk men regardless of type of first-line treatment.
- Prostate cancer-specific mortality
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