Changes in dendritic spines structure and function play a critical role in a number of physiological processes, including synaptic transmission and plasticity, and are intimately linked to cognitive function. Alterations in dendritic spine morphogenesis occur in a number of neuropsychiatric disorders and likely underlie the cognitive and behavioral changes associated with these disorders. The neuronal guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) kalirin is emerging as a key regulator of structural and functional plasticity at dendritic spines. Moreover, a series of recent studies have genetically and functionally linked kalirin signaling to several disorders, including schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Kalirin signaling may thus represent a disease mechanism and provide a novel therapeutic target. This article is part of a special Issue entitled 'Dendrites and Disease'.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Brain Research Bulletin|
|State||Published - Apr 2014|
- Alzheimer's disease
- Mental disorder
ASJC Scopus subject areas