The clinical implications of abnormal chromosomal microarray (CMA) remain unclear for children less than 1 year of age with critical heart disease. Our objective was to determine whether abnormal CMA was related to surgical severity scores or to pre-determined clinical outcomes, including cardiac arrest. Retrospective review of children under 1 year of age admitted to a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit from December, 2014 to September, 2017. Associations between CMA result and cardiac arrest, syndromic abnormalities, and extracardiac anomalies were evaluated. A simple and multivariable logistic regression model was used to analyze associations between STAT mortality category and CMA result. The overall prevalence of abnormal microarray was 48/168 (29%), with peak prevalence in AV septal defects and left-sided obstructive lesions. There was no statistical association between surgical severity scores and abnormal CMA (STAT 1/2 vs. 3+, odds ratio 0.56, p = 0.196). Abnormal CMA was associated with a higher prevalence of cardiac arrest (5/48 abnormal CMA vs. 2/120 normal CMA, p = 0.02). Abnormal CMA was associated with a higher frequency of syndromic abnormalities (18/48 abnormal CMA vs. 13/120 normal CMA, p < 0.001). There was a high prevalence of abnormal CMA findings in the pediatric cardiac population less than 1 year of age (29%), associated with cardiac arrest, but not associated with surgical risk score. The absence of a standardized protocol for ordering a CMA in the setting of congenital heart disease results in a highly variable prevalence data.
- Cardiac arrest
- Chromosomal microarray
- Congenital heart disease
- Surgical risk score
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine