Accumulation of iodine or other similar K-edge equivalent element within renal cysts mimics enhancing masses at single-phase dual-energy CT

Michael Magnetta, Nicola Schieda*, Patrick Murphy, Frank H. Miller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe instances of iodine, or other element with similar K-edge to iodine, accumulating in benign renal cysts and simulating solid renal masses (SRM) at single-phase contrast-enhanced (CE) dual-energy CT (DECT). Methods: During the course of routine clinical practice, instances of benign renal cysts (reference standard true non-contrast enhanced CT [NCCT] homogeneous attenuation <10 HU and not enhancing, or MRI) simulating SRM at follow-up single-phase CE-DECT due to iodine (or other element) accumulation were documented in two institutions over a 3-month observation period in 2021. Results: Five Bosniak one renal cysts (12 ± 7 mm) in five patients changed nature on follow-up imaging simulating SRM at CE-DECT. At time of DECT, cyst attenuation on true NCCT (mean 91 ± 25 HU [Range 56–120]) was significantly higher compared to virtual NCCT (mean 11 ± 22 HU [-23–30], p = 0.003) and all five cysts showed internal iodine content on DECT iodine maps with concentration >1.9 mg ml−1 (mean 8.2 ± 7.6 mg ml−1 [2.8–20.9]). Conclusion: The accumulation of iodine, or other element with similar K-edge to iodine, in benign renal cysts could simulate enhancing renal masses at single-phase contrast-enhanced DECT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20221079
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Volume96
Issue number1144
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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