Acetabular cup positioning in revision total hip arthroplasty with Paprosky type III acetabular defects: Martell radiographic analysis

Ho Rim Choi, David Anderson, Scott Foster, Matthew Beal, Jo Ann Lee, Christopher Barr, Henrik Malchau, Joseph McCarthy, Young Min Kwon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluates acetabular cup position in the setting of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) with severe acetabular bone defects. Methods: With a definition of safe zone of abduction (30-50) and anteversion (5-25), acetabular cup position was measured by a digital image analysis program for 34 patients with Paprosky type III acetabular bone defects. Results: There were 24 cups (71 %) for abduction and 26 cups (76 %) for anteversion located in the safe zone. Nineteen cups (56 %) were within the safe zone for both abduction and anteversion. There was no dislocation, however one cup out of the safe zone resulted in early cup failure due to aseptic loosening. Conclusions: The acetabular cup positioning in patients with Paprosky type III defects was 'optimal' in half of the cases. The prevalence of optimal acetabular cup position was similar to those reported in primary THA, suggesting that the presence of a large acetabular bone defect may not be a significant risk factor for suboptimal acetabular cup positioning in the setting of revision THA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1905-1910
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Orthopaedics
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Acetabular bone defect
  • Cup position
  • Martell technique
  • Paprosky type III
  • Revision
  • Total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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