Acetylation of the response regulator RcsB controls transcription from a small RNA promoter

Linda I. Hu, Bui Khanh Chi, Misty L. Kuhn, Ekaterina V. Filippova, Arti J. Walker-Peddakotla, Katrin Bäsell, Dörte Becher, Wayne F. Anderson, Haike Antelmann, Alan J. Wolfe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nε-lysine acetylation was recently discovered on many bacterial proteins that function in diverse cellular processes. Thus, many questions remain unanswered. For example, what mechanisms regulate lysine acetylation? Does acetylation affect physiology? To help answer these questions, we studied the Escherichia coli response regulator and transcription factor RcsB, which is reported to be acetylated in vitro. To characterize RcsB acetylation, we monitored transcription from the rprA promoter, which requires RcsB. The conventional view is that RcsB is activated by phosphorylation through either the Rcs phosphorelay or acetyl phosphate. We affirmed that rprA transcription requires phosphorylated RcsB and showed that acetyl-phosphate (AcP) is a phosphoryl group donor to RcsB. However, a mutant that accumulates AcP (ackA) exhibited a reduction in rprA transcription instead of the predicted increase. rprA transcription also diminished in the cobB mutant, which lacks the only known E. coli protein deacetylase. This suggests the existence of an inhibitory mechanism that involves lysine acetylation, a supposition supported by the observation that RcsB isolated from the ackA or cobB mutant was hyperacetylated. Finally, we used a genetic approach to identify an AckA- and CobB-sensitive lysine (Lys-154) that controls RcsB activity. We propose that acetylation inhibits RcsB activity and that some of this inhibition acts through the acetylation of Lys-154.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4174-4186
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume195
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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