ACG clinical guideline: Diagnosis and management of achalasia

Michael F. Vaezi*, John E. Pandolfino, Marcelo F. Vela

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

280 Scopus citations

Abstract

Achalasia is a primary motor disorder of the esophagus characterized by insufficient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation and loss of esophageal peristalsis. This results in patients' complaints of dysphagia to solids and liquids, regurgitation, and occasional chest pain with or without weight loss. Endoscopic finding of retained saliva with puckered gastroesophageal junction or barium swallow showing dilated esophagus with birds beaking in a symptomatic patient should prompt appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. In this ACG guideline the authors present an evidence-based approach in patients with achalasia based on a comprehensive review of the pertinent evidence and examination of relevant published data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1238-1249
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume108
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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