Achieving Fairness in Policing

The Link Between Internal and External Procedural Justice

Maarten Van Craen, Wesley G Skogan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Decades of research on public support for the police has documented the prominent role of procedural justice in shaping popular views of police legitimacy and the predisposition of citizens to comply and cooperate with them. However, much less attention has been given to the issue of how to get police officers to actually act in accord with its principles when they interact with the public. Reminders of the importance and the difficulty of fostering police legitimacy are not hard to come by, as witnessed in events in the United States during 2014 to 2015. This article addresses the hard, multifaceted issue of fostering procedural justice in the ranks. It theorizes and assesses the relationship between fair supervision and fair policing. The results of our study indicate that perceived internal procedural justice is directly related to support for external procedural justice (modeling thesis), and also indirectly, via trust in citizens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-23
Number of pages21
JournalPolice Quarterly
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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fairness
justice
police
legitimacy
citizen
public support
police officer
supervision
event

Keywords

  • fairness
  • modeling
  • procedural justice
  • supervision
  • trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Law

Cite this

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Achieving Fairness in Policing : The Link Between Internal and External Procedural Justice. / Van Craen, Maarten; Skogan, Wesley G.

In: Police Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 3-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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