Purpose: MET amplification, responsible for 20% of acquired resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), presents an attractive target. Numerous studies have conferred susceptibility of MET mutations and focal amplification to targeted MET-TKIs. However, the mechanism underlying MET-TKIs–induced resistance remains elusive. Experimental Design: We conducted a cohort of 12 patients with advanced NSCLC who developed resistance to a combinatorial therapy consisting of gefitinib and a type I MET-TKI. We performed capture-based targeted ultra-deep sequencing on serial tumor biopsies and plasmas ctDNA samples to detect and quantify genetic alterations. Results: We identified 2 newly acquired MET mutations, Y1248H and D1246N, in 2 patients and further confirmed their resistance against type I MET-TKIs in silco, in vitro, and in vivo. Interestingly, NIH3T3 cells harboring either mutation exhibited responses to type II MET-TKIs, suggesting sequential use of MET-TKIs may offer a more durable response. In addition, we also discovered that EGFR amplification may act as an alternative MET-TKI resistance mechanism. Conclusions: Our study provides insight into the diversity of mechanisms underlying MET-TKI–induced resistance and highlights the potential of sequential use of MET-TKIs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Aug 15 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research