Acral Changes in pediatric patients during COVID 19 pandemic: Registry report from the COVID 19 response task force of the society of pediatric dermatology (SPD) and pediatric dermatology research alliance (PeDRA)

Leslie Castelo-Soccio*, Irene Lara-Corrales, Amy S. Paller, Eric Bean, Sneha Rangu, Michelle Oboite, Carsten Flohr, Regina Celeste Ahmad, Valerie Calberg, Amy Gilliam, Elena Pope, Sean Reynolds, Cathryn Sibbald, Helen T. Shin, Emily Berger, Julie Schaffer, Michael P. Siegel, Kelly M. Cordoro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Objective: In spring 2020, high numbers of children presented with acral pernio-like skin rashes, concurrent with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Understanding their clinical characteristics/ infection status may provide prognostic information and facilitate decisions about management. Methods: A pediatric-specific dermatology registry was created by the Pediatric Dermatology COVID-19 Response Task Force of the Society for Pediatric Dermatology (SPD) and Pediatric Dermatology Research Alliance (PeDRA) and was managed by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia using REDCap. Results: Data from 378 children 0-18 years entered into the registry between April 13 and July 17, 2020 were analyzed. Data were drawn from a standardized questionnaire completed by clinicians which asked for demographics, description of acral lesions, symptoms before and after acral changes, COVID-19 positive contacts, treatment, duration of skin changes, laboratory testing including SARS-CoV-2 PCR and antibody testing, as well as histopathology. 229 (60.6%) were male with mean age of 13.0 years (± 3.6 years). Six (1.6%) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Pedal lesions (often with pruritus and/or pain) were present in 96%. 30% (114/378) had COVID-19 symptoms during the 30 days prior to presentation. Most (69%) had no other symptoms and an uneventful course with complete recovery. Conclusions and Relevance: Children with acral pernio-like changes were healthy and all recovered with no short-term sequelae. We believe these acral changes are not just a temporal epiphenomenon of shelter in place during the spring months of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and may be a late phase reaction that needs further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-370
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric dermatology
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • exanthems
  • infection-viral
  • skin signs of systemic disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Dermatology

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