Action of lipoprotein lipase on apoprotein-depleted chylomicrons

T. W. Lukens, J. Borensztajn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rat lymph chylomicrons were exposed to soluble and to immobilized trypsin. This treatment caused no detectable changes in the chylomicron structure or lipid composition, but did result in virtually total depletion of all their tetramethylurea-soluble apoproteins. The capacity of these apoprotein-depleted chylomicrons to act as susbstrate for lipoprotein lipase in vitro and in situ (i.e. isolated perfused rat heart) was decreased by about 90 and 75% respectively, compared with intact chylomicrons. On incubation with rat plasma high-density lipoproteins, trypsin-treated chylomicrons readily acquired a full apoprotein complement. This resulted in the complete restoration of their capacity to act as substrate for lipoprotein lipase both in vitro and in situ. It is suggested that with the use of trypsin-treated chylomicrons it is now possible for the first time to investigate the physiological role that individual apoproteins play in the catabolism of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins by lipoprotein lipase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume175
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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