Photovoltaic (PV) materials such as perovskites and silicon are generally unabsorptive at wavelengths longer than 1100 nm, leaving a significant portion of the IR solar spectrum unharvested. Small-bandgap colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are a promising platform to offer tandem complementary IR PV solutions. Today, the best performing CQD PVs use zinc oxide (ZnO) as an electron-transport layer. However, these electrodes require ultraviolet (UV)-light activation to overcome the low carrier density of ZnO, precluding the realization of CQD tandem photovoltaics. Here, a new sol–gel UV-free electrode based on Al/Cl hybrid doping of ZnO (CAZO) is developed. Al heterovalent doping provides a strong n-type character while Cl surface passivation leads to a more favorable band alignment for electron extraction. CAZO CQD IR solar cell devices exhibit, at wavelengths beyond the Si bandgap, an external quantum efficiency of 73%, leading to an additional 0.92% IR power conversion efficiency without UV activation. Conventional ZnO devices, on the other hand, add fewer than 0.01 power points at these operating conditions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jul 19 2018|
- quantum dot solar cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering