Activating mutations in STIM1 and ORAI1 cause overlapping syndromes of tubular myopathy and congenital miosis

Vasyl Nesin, Graham Wiley, Maria Kousi, E. Ching Ong, Thomas Lehmann, David J. Nicholl, Mohnish Suri, Nortina Shahrizaila, Elias Nicholas Katsanis, Patrick M. Gaffney, Klaas J. Wierenga*, Leonidas Tsiokas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

Signaling through the store-operated Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channel regulates critical cellular functions, including gene expression, cell growth and differentiation, and Ca2+ homeostasis. Loss-of-function mutations in the CRAC channel pore-forming protein ORAI1 or the Ca2+ sensing protein stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) result in severe immune dysfunction and nonprogressive myopathy. Here, we identify gain-of-function mutations in the cytoplasmic domain of STIM1 (p.R304W) associated with thrombocytopenia, bleeding diathesis, miosis, and tubular myopathy in patients with Stormorken syndrome, and in ORAI1 (p.P245L), associated with a Stormorken-like syndrome of congenital miosis and tubular aggregate myopathy but without hematological abnormalities. Heterologous expression of STIM1 p.R304W results in constitutive activation of the CRAC channel in vitro, and spontaneous bleeding accompanied by reduced numbers of thrombocytes in zebrafish embryos, recapitulating key aspects of Stormorken syndrome. p.P245L in ORAI1 does not make a constitutively active CRAC channel, but suppresses the slow Ca2+-dependent inactivation of the CRAC channel, thus also functioning as a gain-of-function mutation. These data expand our understanding of the phenotypic spectrum of dysregulated CRAC channel signaling, advance our knowledge of the molecular function of the CRAC channel, and suggest new therapies aiming at attenuating store-operated Ca2+ entry in the treatment of patients with Stormorken syndrome and related pathologic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4197-4202
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume111
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 2014

Keywords

  • Calcium signaling
  • Human genetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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