Activation of metal-organic framework materials

Joseph E. Mondloch, Olga Karagiaridi, Omar K. Farha*, Joseph T. Hupp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations

Abstract

Crystalline metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as a highly desirable class of solid-state materials. Some of their most attractive features include exceptionally high porosities as well as surface areas. A key aspect to the realization of high porosity is the removal of guest molecules from the framework while still maintaining its structural integrity (i.e., "activation"). This contribution highlights the strategies utilized to date for activating MOFs, including: (i) conventional heating and vacuum; (ii) solvent-exchange; (iii) supercritical CO2 (scCO2) exchange; (iv) freeze-drying; and (v) chemical treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9258-9264
Number of pages7
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume15
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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