ACTL6a enforces the epidermal progenitor state by suppressing SWI/SNF-dependent induction of KLF4

Xiaomin Bao, Jiong Tang, Vanessa Lopez-Pajares, Shiying Tao, Kun Qu, Gerald R. Crabtree, Paul A. Khavari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Somatic progenitors suppress differentiation to maintain tissue self-renewal. The mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin-remodeling complex regulates nucleosome packaging to control differentiation in embryonic and adult stem cells. Catalytic Brg1 and Brm subunits are required for these processes; however, the roles of SWI/SNF regulatory subunits are not fully understood. Here, we show that ACTL6a/BAF53A modulates the SWI/SNF complex to suppress differentiation in epidermis. Conditional loss of ACTL6a resulted in terminal differentiation, cell-cycle exit, and hypoplasia, whereas ectopic expression of ACTL6a promoted the progenitor state. A significant portion of genes regulated by ACTL6a were found to also be targets of KLF4, a known activator of epidermal differentiation. Mechanistically, we show that ACTL6a prevents SWI/SNF complex binding to promoters of KLF4 and other differentiation genes and that SWI/SNF catalytic subunits are required for full induction of KLF4 targets. Thus, ACTL6a controls the epidermal progenitor state by sequestering SWI/SNF to prevent activation of differentiation programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-203
Number of pages11
JournalCell stem cell
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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    Bao, X., Tang, J., Lopez-Pajares, V., Tao, S., Qu, K., Crabtree, G. R., & Khavari, P. A. (2013). ACTL6a enforces the epidermal progenitor state by suppressing SWI/SNF-dependent induction of KLF4. Cell stem cell, 12(2), 193-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stem.2012.12.014