Acute myeloid leukemia with complex karyotypes and abnormal chromosome 21: Amplification discloses overexpression of APP, ETS2, and ERG genes

Claudia D. Baldus, Sandya Liyanarachchi, Krzysztof Mrózek, Herbert Auer, Stephan M. Tanner, Martin Guimond, Amy S. Ruppert, Nehad Mohamed, Ramana V. Davuluri, Michael A. Caligiuri, Clara D. Bloomfield, Albert De La Chapelle*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

Molecular mechanisms of leukemogenesis have been successfully unraveled by studying genes involved in simple rearrangements including balanced translocations and inversions. In contrast, little is known about genes altered in complex karyotypic abnormalities. We studied acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with complex karyotypes and abnormal chromosome 21. High-resolution bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) array-based comparative genomic hybridization disclosed amplification predominantly in the 25- to 30-megabase (MB) region that harbors the APP gene (26.3 MB) and at position 38.7-39.1 MB that harbors the transcription factors ERG and ETS2. Using oligonucleotide arrays, APP was by far the most overexpressed gene (mean fold change 19.74, P = 0.0003) compared to a control group of AML with normal cytogenetics; ERG and ETS2 also ranked among the most highly expressed chromosome 21 genes. Overexpression of APP and ETS2 correlated with genomic amplification, but high APP expression occurred even in a subset of AML patients with normal cytogenetics (10 of 64, 16%). APP encodes a glycoprotein of unknown function previously implicated in Alzheimer's disease, but not in AML. We hypothesize that APP and the transcription factors ERG and ETS2 are altered by yet unknown molecular mechanisms involved in leukemogenesis. Our results highlight the value of molecularly dissecting leukemic cells with complex karyotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3915-3920
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume101
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2004

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    Baldus, C. D., Liyanarachchi, S., Mrózek, K., Auer, H., Tanner, S. M., Guimond, M., Ruppert, A. S., Mohamed, N., Davuluri, R. V., Caligiuri, M. A., Bloomfield, C. D., & De La Chapelle, A. (2004). Acute myeloid leukemia with complex karyotypes and abnormal chromosome 21: Amplification discloses overexpression of APP, ETS2, and ERG genes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(11), 3915-3920. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0400272101