Acute normovolemic hemodilution is a cost‐effective alternative to preoperative autologous blood donation by patients undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy

T. G. Monk*, J. D. Birkmeyer, M. E. Brecher, W. J. Catalona

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Preoperative autologous blood donation is accepted as a standard of care for radical prostatectomy. Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) is an alternative method for obtaining autologous blood. The cost and benefits of these two autologous blood‐collection techniques are compared. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients scheduled for radical prostatectomy underwent ANH to a target hematocrit level of 28 percent. Blood was transfused in the perioperative period to maintain the hematocrit level > 25 percent. Hematocrit levels, transfusion outcomes and costs, and postoperative outcomes for these patients (hemodilution group) were compared with a matched patient cohort who preoperatively donated 3 units of blood for autologous use in prostatectomy surgery (nonhemodilution group, n = 30). RESULTS: Thirty patients underwent ANH to a hematocrit level of 28.7 +/− 1.7 percent, and 1740 +/− 346 mL (3.5 +/− 0.7 units) of blood were collected. Three (10%) of the patients in each cohort had allogeneic blood exposure. Transfusion costs were 73 percent higher for the nonhemodilution group patients than for the hemodilution group patients ($330 +/− $100 vs. $191 +/− $55, p < 0.001). No differences were found in postoperative outcomes. CONCLUSION: An integrated blood conservation program utilizing hemodilution and a defined transfusion trigger can decrease the requirement for preoperative donation of blood for autologous use in radical prostatectomy. Point‐of‐care autologous blood procurement is more cost‐effective than preadmission donation of autologous blood units. 1995 AABB

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-565
Number of pages7
JournalTransfusion
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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