The application of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) has revolutionized the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). More than 80–90% of patients are expected to be cured with a combination of ATRA, ATO and/or chemotherapy. In this review, we focus on the remaining obstacles to a cure for all patients with APL. We review the issue of early death and coagulopathy and discuss the particular challenges in the care of patients with high-risk APL and patients with relapsed APL. We also give recommendations and highlight ongoing efforts to improve the persistently high early death rate and the outcomes of high risk and relapsed APL patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research