Adding a radial dimension to the assessment of esophagogastric junction relaxation: Validation studies of the 3D-eSleeve

Frédéric Nicodème*, John E. Pandolfino, Zhiyue Lin, Yinglian Xiao, Gabriela Escobar, Peter J. Kahrilas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


High-resolution manometry (HRM) with esophageal pressure topography (EPT) allowed for the establishment of an objective quantitative measurement of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) relaxation, the integrated relaxation pressure (IRP). This study assessed whether or not a novel 3D-HRM assembly could improve on this measurement. Twentyfive normal subjects were studied with both a standard HRM assembly and a novel hybrid assembly (3D-HRM), including a 9.0 cm 3D-HRM segment composed of 96 radially dispersed independent pressure sensors. The standard IRP was computed using each assembly and compared with a novel paradigm, the 3D-IRP, an analysis premised on finding the axial maximum and radial minimum pressure at each sensor ring along the sleeve segment. Fourteen additional subjects underwent barium swallows with 3D-HRM and concurrent videofluoroscopy to compare the electronic sleeve (eSleeve) paradigm (circumferential average) to the 3D eSleeve paradigm (radial minimum) as a predictor of transphincteric flow. The 3D-IRP was significantly less than all other calculations of IRP with the upper limit of normal being 12 mmHg vs. 17 mmHg for the standard IRP. The sensitivity (0.78) and the specificity (0.88) of the 3D-eSleeve were also better than the standard eSleeve (0.55 and 0.85, respectively) for predicting flow permissive time verified fluoroscopically. The 3D-IRP and 3D-eSleeve calculated using the radial pressure minimum lowered the normative range of EGJ relaxation (upper limit of normal 12 mmHg) and yielded intraluminal pressure gradients that better correlated with bolus flow than did analysis paradigms based on circumferentially averaged pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G275-G280
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012


  • Dysphagia
  • Esophageal motility
  • Esophagus
  • High-resolution manometry
  • Lower esophageal sphincter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Hepatology


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