Hematospermia is a common urologic problem that is not always evaluated by cystoscopic examination. We report on 4 patients with hematospermia in whom polypoid lesions were observed in the prostatic urethra near the verumontanum on cystoscopic examination. In 3 of these patients the lesions were adenomatous polyps, resembling a normal prostate, and in 2 the hematospermia resolved following resection. In the remaining patient the lesion proved to be an intraductal carcinoma. We believe that cystoscopy is indicated in all patients with hematospermia that does not resolve on antibiotic therapy. Polypoid lesions in the prostatic urethra should be resected as a diagnostic and sometimes therapeutic measure.
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