Adherent basal plate myometrial fibers in the delivered placenta as a risk factor for development of subsequent placenta accreta

Rebecca L. Linn, Emily S. Miller, Grace Lim, Linda M. Ernst*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Placenta accreta is implantation of chorionic tissue directly upon the myometrium without normal intervening decidua. The clinical significance of myometrial fibers attached to the basal plate (BPMYO) has yet to be fully elucidated. Objective To determine the importance of depth and quantity of BPMYO in predicting subsequent accreta in the next pregnancy. Method Women with placentas from two successive pregnancies submitted for pathologic evaluation were included. 50 cases had clinical and/or pathologic diagnosis of accreta in an index pregnancy. 100 controls had no evidence of accreta in an index pregnancy. H&E slides were re-reviewed and stage of accreta/BPMYO was determined. The stages were defined as: Stage 0-no BPMYO; Stage 1-BPMYO with intervening decidua; Stage 2 < 2 decidual cells separating myometrium from chorionic tissue; Stage 3-accreta; Stage 4-increta; Stage 5-percreta. The amount of BPMYO for each placenta was quantified. Results Prior placentas of cases were twice as likely to have BPMYO compared to controls (84%vs42%, P < 0.001). The frequency of stage 1 BPMYO was not significantly different between the two groups (46%v40%, P = 0.489), but cases were more likely to have higher stages of BPMYO (stage 2-3) in a prior placenta (38%vs2%, P < 0.001). A significantly higher number of BPMYO foci and a larger proportion of BPMYO on the basal plate (6.2%vs0.7%, P < 0.001) in cases compared to controls. Conclusions Small amounts and low stage BPMYO (stage 1) may be common; however, higher stages of BPMYO (stage 2-3) and greater quantities of BPMYO in a delivered placenta are significantly associated with the subsequent development of accreta.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1419-1424
Number of pages6
JournalPlacenta
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Basal plate
  • Myometrial fibers
  • Placenta accreta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology

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