To study the role of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in monocyte recruitment and atherogenesis, we constructed a recombinant adenovirus, AdRSVrVCAM-1, carrying the rabbit VCAM-1 cDNA. We have previously shown that AdRSVrVCAM-1-transduced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) support the adhesion of CD4+ CD45RO+ memory T lymphocytes under laminar flow conditions. We now demonstrate that AdRSVrVCAM-1-transduced HUVECs support the adhesion of peripheral blood monocytes at a shear stress of ≤1.5 dyne/cm2. Although VCAM-1 supported only firm adhesion of lymphocytes, it was able to mediate monocyte rolling, firm adhesion, and transmigration when expressed in the context of otherwise unactivated vascular endothelium. VCAM-1-transduced HUVECs supported the adhesion of as many as 4-fold more monocytes than T cells under laminar flow. The greater monocyte adhesion was explained at least in part by leukocyte-leukocyte interactions (secondary adhesions), which were not seen with T cells. These secondary monocyte interactions were specifically blocked by monoclonal antibodies to L-selectin and P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1. These data demonstrate that VCAM-1 expressed in the context of unactivated vascular endothelium supports the adhesion of the leukocyte populations present in atherosclerotic plaque and may contribute to the predominance of monocytes over lymphocytes.
- Mononuclear leukocyte
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine