This is the second of a two-part review on adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) management. While margin-negative resection provides the only potential cure for ACC, recurrence rates remain high. Furthermore, many patients present with locally advanced, unresectable tumors and/or diffuse metastases. As a result, selecting patients for adjuvant therapy and understanding systemic therapy options for advanced ACC is important. Herein, we detail the current literature supporting the use of adjuvant mitotane therapy, consideration of adjuvant radiation therapy, and utility of cytotoxic chemotherapy in patients with advanced disease. Ongoing investigation into molecular targeted agents, immunotherapy, and inhibitors of steroidogenesis for the treatment of ACC are also highlighted. Lastly, the importance of genetic counseling in patients with ACC is addressed as up to 10% of patients will have an identifiable hereditary syndrome.
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