Adolescent Self-Consciousness: Longitudinal Age Changes and Gender Differences in Two Cohorts

Jane L. Rankin*, David J. Lane, Frederick X. Gibbons, Meg Gerrard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adolescence is frequently described as a period of pervasive self-consciousness, but an age-related peak in adolescence is not consistently obtained, and higher self-consciousness in girls is frequently obtained but not predicted by theoretical accounts. Two cohorts of adolescents (N = 393), initially assessed at 13 and 15, completed public and private selfconsciousness measures 3 times in 4 years. They also reported social comparisons and social engagement. Public self-consciousness decreased and private self-consciousness increased in both cohorts, and girls scored higher on both measures, both in longitudinal and sibling replication samples (n = 188). Public self-consciousness appears to be a normative response to adolescent social challenges, with girls' higher levels largely attributable to their closer social engagement. Private self-consciousness emerges as an individual difference in adolescence but is more likely to be salient and predictive of social behavior in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Fingerprint

Consciousness
consciousness
gender-specific factors
adolescent
adolescence
Social Behavior
social behavior
Individuality
adulthood
Siblings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Rankin, Jane L. ; Lane, David J. ; Gibbons, Frederick X. ; Gerrard, Meg. / Adolescent Self-Consciousness : Longitudinal Age Changes and Gender Differences in Two Cohorts. In: Journal of Research on Adolescence. 2004 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 1-21.
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Adolescent Self-Consciousness : Longitudinal Age Changes and Gender Differences in Two Cohorts. / Rankin, Jane L.; Lane, David J.; Gibbons, Frederick X.; Gerrard, Meg.

In: Journal of Research on Adolescence, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.01.2004, p. 1-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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