Adsorption fundamentals in metal-organic frameworks from molecular modeling

Houston Frost, Tina Düren, Randall Q. Snurr

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a new class of nanoporous materials with potential applications in adsorption separations, catalysis, and gas storage. They also provide a unique opportunity to answer some fundamental questions about adsorption in nanoporous materials because it is possible to synthesize a series of MOF structures with the same framework topology but differing in their chemical constitution, pore size, and other factors. These highly tailorable materials are achieved via a self-assembly process using molecular building blocks. If nanoporous materials are to be truly designed, we must understand how the heat of adsorption, the surface area, and the free volume of the material affect adsorption and how the predetermined network governs these three key material properties. Molecular simulations, specifically grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC), allow for the investigation and comparison of adsorption in both existing and not-yet-synthesized MOF materials with a wide variety of internal structures. Our results of hydrogen and methane adsorption in various MOFs have allowed us to verify the existence of three regimes in gas adsorption. The first regime exists at low pressures where adsorption is primarily influenced by the heat of adsorption and the availability of low energy adsorption sites. When intermediate gas pressures are obtained, the available surface area of the material begins to dominate the comparative adsorption performance. Finally, at elevated pressures, the free volume of the material dictates the density of gas adsorbed within the material. There is an interplay among these important material properties that determines the relative ranking of a series of materials for adsorption of a particular adsorbate. Thus, proper engineering of the adsorbent requires knowledge of not only the desired gas to be adsorbed, but also the pressure range at which the material will be used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication05AIChE
Subtitle of host publication2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Conference Proceedings
Number of pages1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Event05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: Oct 30 2005Nov 4 2005

Other

Other05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase
CountryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH
Period10/30/0511/4/05

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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    Frost, H., Düren, T., & Snurr, R. Q. (2005). Adsorption fundamentals in metal-organic frameworks from molecular modeling. In 05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Conference Proceedings