Adsorption of aquatic humic substances on hydrophobic ultrafiltration membranes

Catherine Jucker, Mark M. Clark*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

365 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interaction between Suwannee River humic and fulvic acids and ultrafiltration membranes is characterized by direct adsorption measurements. The coated membranes are also characterized by the following parameters: hydrophobicity determined by contact angle measurements, pore zeta potential computed from streaming potential measurements, and surface chemical composition obtained from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results show that the adsorption capacity is smaller for fulvic acid than for humic acid. Fulvic acid competes with calcium phosphate compounds for adsorption sites on the membranes. Low pH and, in some cases, high calcium concentration increase the adsorption of humic substances on the membranes. The adsorption capacity decreases with decreasing (more negative) pore zeta potential and with increasing hydrophilicity. Upon adsorption of humic substances, the membranes become more hydrophilic, and the apparent pore charge becomes less negative. Our results support a model of humic substances adsorption in which pore adsorption sites are preferentially filled prior to other sites on the membrane surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-52
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume97
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 27 1994

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Contact angle
  • Humic substances
  • Streaming potential
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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