Adult age differences in free recall as a function of basis of organization and method of presentation

J. H. Mueller, J. L. Rankin, M. Carlomusto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

To examine age-related differences in the discovery of intralist relationships, young and elderly adults were were presented a free-recall list in either the conventional successive single-item format or in a wholelist display. A list that could be organized by associative or rhyming intralist relationships was used to test the levels-of-processing model of memory as an explanation of age differences in recall. Young adults recalled more base-words, associates, and rhymes than elderly subjects on immediate free and cued tests and on a uncued test one week later. Elderly subjects showed less utilization of both semantic and nonsemantic intralist relationships. Age did not interact with method of presentation. Recall and organization deficits occurred for elderly adults even though they were less anxious than young adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-380
Number of pages6
JournalJournals of Gerontology
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging

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