Adult cardiothoracic transplant nursing

An ISHLT consensus document on the current adult nursing practice in heart and lung transplantation

Bernice Coleman*, Nancy Blumenthal, Judy Currey, Fabienne Dobbels, Angela Velleca, Kathleen L Grady, Christiane Kugler, Catherine Murks, Linda Ohler, Christine Sumbi, Minh Luu, John Dark, Jon Kobashigawa, Connie White-Williams

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The role of nurses in cardiothoracic transplantation has evolved over the last 25 years. Transplant nurses work in a variety of roles in collaboration with multidisciplinary teams to manage complex pre- and post-transplantation issues. There is lack of clarity and consistency regarding required qualifications to practice transplant nursing, delineation of roles and adequate levels of staffing. Methods A consensus conference with workgroup sessions, consisting of 77 nurse participants with clinical experience in cardiothoracic transplantation, was arranged. This was followed by subsequent discussion with the ISHLT Nursing, Health Science and Allied Health Council. Evidence and expert opinions regarding key issues were reviewed. A modified nominal group technique was used to reach consensus. Results Consensus reached included: (1) a minimum of 2 years nursing experience is required for transplant coordinators, nurse managers or advanced practice nurses; (2) a baccalaureate in nursing is the minimum education level required for a transplant coordinator; (3) transplant coordinator-specific certification is recommended; (4) nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists and nurse managers should hold at least a master's degree; and (5) strategies to retain transplant nurses include engaging donor call teams, mentoring programs, having flexible hours and offering career advancement support. Future research should focus on the relationships between staffing levels, nurse education and patient outcomes. Conclusions Delineation of roles and guidelines for education, certification, licensure and staffing levels of transplant nurses are needed to support all nurses working at the fullest extent of their education and licensure. This consensus document provides such recommendations and draws attention to areas for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-148
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

Fingerprint

Heart-Lung Transplantation
Consensus
Nursing
Nurses
Transplants
Transplantation
Nurse Administrators
Certification
Licensure
Education
Nurse Clinicians
Nurse Practitioners
Nurse's Role
Health
Expert Testimony
Patient Education
Tissue Donors
Guidelines

Keywords

  • cardiac transplantation
  • education
  • licensure
  • nursing transplant coordinator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Coleman, Bernice ; Blumenthal, Nancy ; Currey, Judy ; Dobbels, Fabienne ; Velleca, Angela ; Grady, Kathleen L ; Kugler, Christiane ; Murks, Catherine ; Ohler, Linda ; Sumbi, Christine ; Luu, Minh ; Dark, John ; Kobashigawa, Jon ; White-Williams, Connie. / Adult cardiothoracic transplant nursing : An ISHLT consensus document on the current adult nursing practice in heart and lung transplantation. In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. 2015 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 139-148.
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title = "Adult cardiothoracic transplant nursing: An ISHLT consensus document on the current adult nursing practice in heart and lung transplantation",
abstract = "Background The role of nurses in cardiothoracic transplantation has evolved over the last 25 years. Transplant nurses work in a variety of roles in collaboration with multidisciplinary teams to manage complex pre- and post-transplantation issues. There is lack of clarity and consistency regarding required qualifications to practice transplant nursing, delineation of roles and adequate levels of staffing. Methods A consensus conference with workgroup sessions, consisting of 77 nurse participants with clinical experience in cardiothoracic transplantation, was arranged. This was followed by subsequent discussion with the ISHLT Nursing, Health Science and Allied Health Council. Evidence and expert opinions regarding key issues were reviewed. A modified nominal group technique was used to reach consensus. Results Consensus reached included: (1) a minimum of 2 years nursing experience is required for transplant coordinators, nurse managers or advanced practice nurses; (2) a baccalaureate in nursing is the minimum education level required for a transplant coordinator; (3) transplant coordinator-specific certification is recommended; (4) nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists and nurse managers should hold at least a master's degree; and (5) strategies to retain transplant nurses include engaging donor call teams, mentoring programs, having flexible hours and offering career advancement support. Future research should focus on the relationships between staffing levels, nurse education and patient outcomes. Conclusions Delineation of roles and guidelines for education, certification, licensure and staffing levels of transplant nurses are needed to support all nurses working at the fullest extent of their education and licensure. This consensus document provides such recommendations and draws attention to areas for future research.",
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author = "Bernice Coleman and Nancy Blumenthal and Judy Currey and Fabienne Dobbels and Angela Velleca and Grady, {Kathleen L} and Christiane Kugler and Catherine Murks and Linda Ohler and Christine Sumbi and Minh Luu and John Dark and Jon Kobashigawa and Connie White-Williams",
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Coleman, B, Blumenthal, N, Currey, J, Dobbels, F, Velleca, A, Grady, KL, Kugler, C, Murks, C, Ohler, L, Sumbi, C, Luu, M, Dark, J, Kobashigawa, J & White-Williams, C 2015, 'Adult cardiothoracic transplant nursing: An ISHLT consensus document on the current adult nursing practice in heart and lung transplantation', Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 139-148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2014.11.017

Adult cardiothoracic transplant nursing : An ISHLT consensus document on the current adult nursing practice in heart and lung transplantation. / Coleman, Bernice; Blumenthal, Nancy; Currey, Judy; Dobbels, Fabienne; Velleca, Angela; Grady, Kathleen L; Kugler, Christiane; Murks, Catherine; Ohler, Linda; Sumbi, Christine; Luu, Minh; Dark, John; Kobashigawa, Jon; White-Williams, Connie.

In: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Vol. 34, No. 2, 01.02.2015, p. 139-148.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adult cardiothoracic transplant nursing

T2 - An ISHLT consensus document on the current adult nursing practice in heart and lung transplantation

AU - Coleman, Bernice

AU - Blumenthal, Nancy

AU - Currey, Judy

AU - Dobbels, Fabienne

AU - Velleca, Angela

AU - Grady, Kathleen L

AU - Kugler, Christiane

AU - Murks, Catherine

AU - Ohler, Linda

AU - Sumbi, Christine

AU - Luu, Minh

AU - Dark, John

AU - Kobashigawa, Jon

AU - White-Williams, Connie

PY - 2015/2/1

Y1 - 2015/2/1

N2 - Background The role of nurses in cardiothoracic transplantation has evolved over the last 25 years. Transplant nurses work in a variety of roles in collaboration with multidisciplinary teams to manage complex pre- and post-transplantation issues. There is lack of clarity and consistency regarding required qualifications to practice transplant nursing, delineation of roles and adequate levels of staffing. Methods A consensus conference with workgroup sessions, consisting of 77 nurse participants with clinical experience in cardiothoracic transplantation, was arranged. This was followed by subsequent discussion with the ISHLT Nursing, Health Science and Allied Health Council. Evidence and expert opinions regarding key issues were reviewed. A modified nominal group technique was used to reach consensus. Results Consensus reached included: (1) a minimum of 2 years nursing experience is required for transplant coordinators, nurse managers or advanced practice nurses; (2) a baccalaureate in nursing is the minimum education level required for a transplant coordinator; (3) transplant coordinator-specific certification is recommended; (4) nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists and nurse managers should hold at least a master's degree; and (5) strategies to retain transplant nurses include engaging donor call teams, mentoring programs, having flexible hours and offering career advancement support. Future research should focus on the relationships between staffing levels, nurse education and patient outcomes. Conclusions Delineation of roles and guidelines for education, certification, licensure and staffing levels of transplant nurses are needed to support all nurses working at the fullest extent of their education and licensure. This consensus document provides such recommendations and draws attention to areas for future research.

AB - Background The role of nurses in cardiothoracic transplantation has evolved over the last 25 years. Transplant nurses work in a variety of roles in collaboration with multidisciplinary teams to manage complex pre- and post-transplantation issues. There is lack of clarity and consistency regarding required qualifications to practice transplant nursing, delineation of roles and adequate levels of staffing. Methods A consensus conference with workgroup sessions, consisting of 77 nurse participants with clinical experience in cardiothoracic transplantation, was arranged. This was followed by subsequent discussion with the ISHLT Nursing, Health Science and Allied Health Council. Evidence and expert opinions regarding key issues were reviewed. A modified nominal group technique was used to reach consensus. Results Consensus reached included: (1) a minimum of 2 years nursing experience is required for transplant coordinators, nurse managers or advanced practice nurses; (2) a baccalaureate in nursing is the minimum education level required for a transplant coordinator; (3) transplant coordinator-specific certification is recommended; (4) nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists and nurse managers should hold at least a master's degree; and (5) strategies to retain transplant nurses include engaging donor call teams, mentoring programs, having flexible hours and offering career advancement support. Future research should focus on the relationships between staffing levels, nurse education and patient outcomes. Conclusions Delineation of roles and guidelines for education, certification, licensure and staffing levels of transplant nurses are needed to support all nurses working at the fullest extent of their education and licensure. This consensus document provides such recommendations and draws attention to areas for future research.

KW - cardiac transplantation

KW - education

KW - licensure

KW - nursing transplant coordinator

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