Adult daughters' perceptions of the mother-daughter relationship: A cross-cultural comparison

Mudita Rastogi*, Karen S. Wampler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


This study compares the perception of adult daughters' relationship with their mothers across the European American, Asian Indian American, and Mexican American cultures, using intergenerational, feminist object relations and attachment theories. Three dimensions were used to measure the relationships: closeness, reliability, and collectivism. Each dimension was measured using two instruments: the AAS and the MAD. The latter was developed to be sensitive to cultural differences and includes a new variable called trust in hierarchy. This variable represents positive beliefs about, and an acceptance of hierarchy in intergenerational relationships. The participants were 91 women from the three ethnic groups. Cross-cultural differences in the adult daughter-mother relationship were found, with the Asian Indian American group scoring higher than the European American group on many variables. Scores for the Mexican American group tended to fall between those of the other two groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-336
Number of pages10
JournalFamily Relations
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Attachment
  • Cross-cultural
  • Gender
  • Intergenerational
  • Mother-daughter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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