Advanced approaches for quantitative characterization of thermal transport properties in soft materials using thin, conformable resistive sensors

Kaitlyn E. Crawford*, Yinji Ma, Siddharth Krishnan, Chen Wei, Daniel Capua, Yeguang Xue, Shuai Xu, Zhaoqian Xie, Sang Min Won, Limei Tian, Chad Webb, Yajing Li, Xue Feng, Yonggang Huang, John A Rogers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Noninvasive methods for precise characterization of the thermal properties of soft biological tissues such as the skin can yield vital details about physiological health status including at critical intervals during recovery following skin injury. Here, we introduce quantitative measurement and characterization methods that allow rapid, accurate determination of the thermal conductivity of soft materials using thin, skin-like resistive sensor platforms. Systematic evaluations of skin at eight different locations and of six different synthetic skin-mimicking materials across sensor sizes, measurement times, and surface geometries (planar, highly curvilinear) validate simple scaling laws for data interpretation and parameter extraction. As an example of the possibilities, changes in the thermal properties of skin (volar forearm) can be monitored during recovery from exposure to ultraviolet radiation (sunburn) and to stressors associated with localized heating and cooling. More generally, the results described here facilitate rapid, non-invasive thermal measurements on broad classes of biological and non-biological soft materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalExtreme Mechanics Letters
Volume22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • Epidermal electronics
  • Erythema
  • Sunburn
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Transient plane source

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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