Advanced Diagnostic and Therapeutic Bronchoscopy: Technology and Reimbursement

Neeraj R. Desai*, Thomas R. Gildea, Edward Kessler, Neil Ninan, Kim D. French, Denise A. Merlino, Momen M. Wahidi, Kevin L. Kovitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Advanced interventional pulmonary procedures of the airways, pleural space, and mediastinum continue to evolve and be refined. Health care, finance, and clinical professionals are challenged by both the indications and related coding complexities. As the scope of interventional pulmonary procedures expands with advanced technique and medical innovation, program planning and ongoing collaboration among clinicians, finance executives, and reimbursement experts are key elements for success. We describe advanced bronchoscopic procedures, appropriate Current Procedural Terminology coding, valuations, and necessary modifiers to fill the knowledge gap between basic and advanced procedural coding. Our approach is to balance the description of procedures with the associated coding in a way that is of use to the proceduralist, the coding specialist, and other nonclinical professionals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-267
Number of pages9
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • airway stent
  • argon plasma coagulation
  • bronchoscopy
  • coding
  • Current Procedural Terminology
  • endobronchial ultrasound
  • laser
  • navigational bronchoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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