Advanced noninvasive imaging of spinal vascular malformations

Christopher S. Eddleman*, Hyun Jeong, Ty A. Cashen, Matthew Walker, Bernard R. Bendok, H. Hunt Batjer, Timothy J. Carroll

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Spinal vascular malformations (SVMs) are an uncommon, heterogeneous group of vascular anomalies that can render devastating neurological consequences if they are not diagnosed and treated in a timely fashion. Imaging SVMs has always presented a formidable challenge because their clinical and imaging presentations resemble those of neoplasms, demyelination diseases, and infection. Advancements in noninvasive imaging modalities (MR and CT angiography) have increased during the last decade and have improved the ability to accurately diagnose spinal vascular anomalies. In addition, intraoperative imaging techniques have been developed that aid in the intraoperative assessment before, during, and after resection of these lesions with minimal and/or optimal use of spinal digital subtraction angiography. In this report, the authors review recent advancements in the imaging of SVMs that will likely lead to more timely diagnoses and treatment while reducing procedural risk exposure to the patients who harbor these uncommon spinal lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Indocyanine green video angiography
  • Magnetic resonance angiography
  • Spinal arteriovenous malformation
  • Vascular malformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery


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