Advances in Diagnosis and Management of Lateral Ankle Instability: A Review of Current Literature

Amiethab Aiyer*, Sudarsan Murali, Anish R. Kadakia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Lateral ankle sprains and instability are an increasingly identified pain point for patients, accounting for 20 to 25% of musculoskeletal injuries. Lateral ankle injuries are especially concerning given the propensity for patients to develop chronic lateral ankle instability and for the high risk of reinjury on an unstable ankle. With the complex articulation of the tibiofibular syndesmosis, subtalar, and talocrural joints, pinpointing ankle dysfunction remains difficult. Multiple reviews have evaluated management and diagnosis of lateral ankle instability, but with newer treatment options available, a more comprehensive assessment of the current literature was conducted. Although multiple surgical options exist, many nonsurgical functional options have also been developed for patients that may help patients prevent the development of chronic lateral ankle instability. In recent times, many new options have come up, including in-office needle arthroscopy and continual advancements in diagnosis and our understanding of this difficult topic. Multiple reviews have evaluated the management and diagnosis of lateral ankle instability, but with newer treatment options available, a more comprehensive assessment of the current literature was conducted. Given this, this review will help to highlight new diagnostic and nonsurgical therapeutic options for the management of lateral ankle instability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere23.00251
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 26 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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